Department of Health Seal

TGM for the Implementation of the Hawai'i State Contingency Plan
Section 13
REFERENCES

SECTION 13 REFERENCES

Citation references for this TGM Section denoted with an “a”, “b”, “c”, etc… after the year of publication may not appear in sequence as these refer to the order placed in the Master References List for the entire TGM.


ASHRAE, 2010.  American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.  Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2010. 

ASTM, 2004b.  American Society for Testing and Materials.  Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action, Designation E2081-00(2004)e1  Website URL: https://www.astm.org/Standards/E2081.htm. 

Brewer et al., 2014.  Brewer, R., Nagashima, J., Rigby, M., Schmidt, M. and H. O'Neill.  Estimation of Generic Subslab Attenuation Factors for Vapor Intrusion Investigations: Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 34: 79–92. doi: 10.1111/gwmr.12086.  Website URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gwmr.12086/full.  2014.

CalEPA, 1994.  California Environmental Protection Agency, DTSC.  Preliminary Endangerment Assessment Guidance Manual.  Local Copy (362kb).  January 1994.

CalEPA, 1996a1.  DTSC.  Guidance for Ecological Risk Assessments at Hazardous Waste Sites and Permitted Facilities (Part A).  Website URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/AssessingRisk/upload/overview.pdf.  Local Copy (448kb).  July 4, 1996.

CalEPA, 1996a2.  DTSC.  Guidance for Ecological Risk Assessments at Hazardous Waste Sites and Permitted Facilities (Part B).  Website URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/AssessingRisk/upload/scope.pdf.  Local Copy (137kb).  July 4, 1996.

CalEPA, 1996b.  DTSC.  Supplemental Guidance For Human Health Multimedia Risk Assessments of Hazardous Waste Sites and Permitted Facilities.  Website URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/AssessingRisk/Supplemental_Guidance.cfm.  August, 1996.

CalEPA, 2005.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxics Substances Control.  Use of California Human Health Screening Levels in Evaluation of Contaminated Properties.  January 2005

CalEPA, 2005c.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Regional Water Quality Control Board, San Francisco Bay Area Region.  Screening For Environmental Concerns at Sites With Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  February 2005.

CalEPA, 2011.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control.  Guidance for the Evaluation and Mitigation of Subsurface Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air.  August 2011.

CalEPA, 2012.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control (in conjunction with the California Regional Water Quality Control Board – Los Angeles Region).  Advisory – Active Soil Gas Investigations.  Website URL: https://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/upload/VI_ActiveSoilGasAdvisory_FINAL_043012.pdf.  Local Copy (600kb).  April 2012.

Cavallo et al., 1992  Cavallo, A., Gadsby, K. and T.A. Reddy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory.  Natural Basement Ventilation as a Radon Mitigation Technique, EPA/600/SR-92/059. 

HDOH, 2007.  Hawai'i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Use of laboratory batch tests to evaluate potential leaching of contaminants from soil.  Local Copy (215kb).  April 2007.

HDOH, 2007c.  Hawai‘i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Long-Term Management of Petroleum-Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  Website URL: http://www.hawaiidoh.com/tgm-content/1909a.aspx.  Local Copy (161kb).  June 2007

HDOH, 2016.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/EALs.  Summer 2016 (and updates).

HDOH, 2016b.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater – Tropical Pacific Edition .  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/ehe-guidance---pacific-basin-edition.  Summer 2016 (and updates).

Helsel, 2005.  Helsel, Dennis.  Nondetects and Data Analysis: Statistics for Censored Environmental Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  Local Copy (20kb). 

ITRC, 2012.  Interstate Technology Regulatory Council.  Incremental Sampling Methodology. ISM-1.  Website URL: http://www.itrcweb.org/ism-1/Executive_Summary.html.  February 2012.

Johnson et al., 1998.  Johnson, P.C., M. W. Kemblowski, and R.L. Johnson.  Assessing the Significance of Subsurface Contaminant Vapor Migration to Enclosed Spaces. American Petroleum Institute, Health and Environmental Sciences Department, API Publication No. 4674.  Website URL: http://www.api.org/ehs/groundwater/upload/APIPub4674.pdf.  Local Copy (2.0mb).  December 1998.

Kapuscinski, R. 2016.  Environmental Protection Agency Headquarters, Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation. Personal communication with Roger Brewer.  Inquiry Regarding Attenuation Factors and EPA's VI Guidance.  June 14, 2016.

MADEP, 2002b.  Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.  Indoor Air Sampling and Evaluation Guide. WSC Policy No. 02-430. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Boston, MA.  Website URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/waste-mgnt-recycling/.  Local Copy (821kb).  April 2002.

Marr et al., 2010.  Marr, D., Mason, M., Mosley, R. and X.Y. Liu, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Indoor Environments Management Branch, 7th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Syracuse.  The Influence of Opening Windows and Doors on the Natural Ventilation Rate of a Residential Building.  Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=222005.  Local Copy (382.kb).  August 2010.

Marr et al., 2012,  Marr, D., Mason, M., Mosley, R. and X.Y. Liu.  The Influence of Opening Windows and Doors on the Natural Ventilation Rate of a Residential Building, HVAC&R Research, Vol. 18, No 1–2, pp195–203. 

OESD, 2000.  City of Oakland, Environmental Services Division, (prepared by L.R. Spence. Spence Environmental Engineering and M. Gomez, City of Oakland).  Oakland Environmental Corrective Action: Technical Background Document.  January, 2000 (and updates).

Sherman et al., 2011.  Sherman, M. and N. Matson, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Energy and Environment Division, prepared under U.S. Department of Energy contract no. DE-AC03-76SF00098.  Residential Ventilation and Energy Characteristics.  Local Copy (902 kb). 

USDOE, 2002.  U.S. Department of Energy, Building Technology Program.  Spot Ventilation, Source Control to Improve Indoor Air Quality (Technology Fact Sheet).  Website URL: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/building_america/26466.pdf. 

USEIA, 2012.  US Energy Information Administration.  Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey Climate Zones Maps.  Website URL: http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/census-maps.cfm. 

USEPA, 1988c.  Superfund Exposure Assessment Manual: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, OSWER Directive 9285.5-1, Publication EPA/540/1-88/001. Washington D.C.  April 1988.

USEPA, 1989b.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.  Methods of Evaluating the Attainment of Cleanup Standards, Volume 1: Soils and Solid Media, EPA 230/02-89-042. (see Section 7.4 and Table 7.1 especially).  Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=200081SR.txt.  Local Copy (4.5mb).  February 1989.

USEPA, 1989c.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.  Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume II, Environmental Evaluation Manual. EPA/540/1-89/001.  Local Copy (548kb).  March 1989.

USEPA, 1989e.  Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund. Volume 1, Human Health Evaluation Manual, Part A. USEPA/540/1-89/002. Washington D.C.: GPO.  Local Copy (10.1mb).  December 1989.

USEPA, 1991b.  Role of the Baseline Risk Assessment in Superfund Remedy Selection Decisions. OSWER Directive 9355.0-30.  Local Copy (56kb).  April 2, 1991.

USEPA, 1991e.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Directive 9285.6-03.  Human Health Evaluation Manual, Supplemental Guidance: Standard Default Exposure Factors.  Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=90181100.txt.  Local Copy (196kb). 

USEPA, 1992b.  Supplemental Guidance to RAGS: Calculating the Concentration Term. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. OSWER Publication 9258.7-081. Washington D.C.  Local Copy (939kb).  May 1992.

USEPA, 1994b.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.  Technical Support Document: Parameters and Equations Used in the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Lead in Children (v. 0.99d). EPA/540/R-94/040, PB94-963505. Washington, D.C.  Local Copy (928kb).  December 1994.

USEPA, 1996b.  Soil Screening Guidance: Technical Background Document. Publication 9355.4-17A.  Local Copy (68kb).  May 1996.

USEPA, 1996e.  Recommendations of the Technical Review Workgroup for Lead for an (Interim) Approach to Assessing Risks Associated with Adult Exposures to Lead in Soil.  Local Copy (4.8mb).  December 1996 (Revised January 2003.)

USEPA, 1997.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA), Office of Research and Development and Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.  Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables. Annual Update. Washington D.C.  Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=2877. 

USEPA, 1997d.  Ecological Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund: Process for Designing and Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments. Interim Final, EPA 540-R-97-006.  Local Copy (455kb).  June 5, 1997.

USEPA, 1997e.  Exposure Factors Handbook: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. EPA/600/P-95/002Fa.  Local Copy (11.0mb).  August 1997.

USEPA, 2000e.  TRW Recommendations for Sampling and Analysis of Soil at Lead (Pb) Sites: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA 540-F-0-010/OSWER 9285.7-38.  April 2000.

USEPA, 2001c.  Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS): Volume I - Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part D, Standardized Planning, Reporting and Review of Superfund Risk Assessments). Final.  Local Copy (20kb).  December 2001.

USEPA, 2002.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Technical Review Workgroup for Lead (TRW) Website.  Technical Review Workgroup for Lead (TRW) Website, Risk Assessment.  Local Copy (20kb). 

USEPA, 2002d.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.  Calculating Upper Confidence Limits for Exposure Point Concentrations at Hazardous Waste Sites. OSWER 9285.6-10.  Local Copy (950kb).  December 2002.

USEPA, 2002e.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waster and Emergency Response.  Supplemental Guidance for Developing Soil Screening Levels for Superfund Sites. OSWER 9355.4-24.  Local Copy (2.2mb).  December 2002.

USEPA, 2002i.  Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.  User’s Guide for the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Lead in Children: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 540-K-01-005. 

USEPA, 2004f.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.  User’s Guide for Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings.  February 2004.

USEPA, 2006.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Information.  Data Quality Assessment: A Reviewer's Guide. EPA QA/G-9R, EPA/240/B-06/002.  Local Copy (259kb).  February 2006.

USEPA, 2006c.  On the Computation of a 95% Upper Confidence Limit of the Unknown Population Mean Based Upon Data Sets with Below Detection Limit Observations. EPA/600/R-06/022.  Website URL: https://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_Report.cfm?dirEntryID=150528.  Local Copy (741kb).  March 2006.

USEPA, 2007b.  ProUCL Version 4.0 software. Software for calculating Upper Confidence Limits.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/esd/tsc/software.htm. 

USEPA, 2011d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-090/052F.  Exposure Factors Handbook.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/expobox/exposure-factors-handbook-2011-edition.  September 2011.

USEPA, 2011e.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA 530-R-10-001.  Background Indoor Air Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds in North American Residences (1990–2005): A Compilation of Statistics for Assessing Vapor Intrusion.  June 2011

USEPA, 2012.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA 530-R-10-002.  EPA’s Vapor Intrusion Database: Evaluation and Characterization of Attenuation Factors for Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds and Residential Buildings.  March 2012.

USEPA, 2012b.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories.  Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants.  Website URL: http://www.epa.gov/region9/superfund/prg/.  2012.

USEPA, 2013.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Underground Storage Tanks, EPA 510-R-13-001.  Evaluation of Empirical Data to Support Soil Vapor Intrusion Screening Criteria for Petroleum Hydrocarbon Compounds.  January 2013

USEPA, 2015.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories.  Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants.  November 2015.

USEPA, 2015b.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 4, Science and Ecosystem Support Division. SESDPROC-205-R3.  Field Equipment Cleaning and Decontamination.  December 2015.

USEPA, 2015c.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, D.C., OSWER Publication 9200.2-154.  Assessing and Mitigating the Vapor Intrusion Pathway from Subsurface Vapor Sources to Indoor Air.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/oswer-vapor-intrusion-technical-guide-final.pdf.  June 2015.

USEPA, 2015d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Underground Storage Tanks.  Technical Guide for Addressing Petroleum Vapor Intrusion at Leaking Underground Storage Tank Sites, Washington, D.C., EPA 510-R-15-001.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/pvi-guide-final-6-10-15.pdf.  June 2015.

Wilson et al., 1996.  Wilson, A.L., Colome, S.D., Tian, t., Becker, E.W., Baker, P.E., Behrens, D.W., Billick, I.H., and C.A. Garrison, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 6, 311-326.  California Residential Air Exchange Rates and Residence Volumes.  1996.