Department of Health Seal

TGM for the Implementation of the Hawai'i State Contingency Plan
Appendix 9-C
Summary of Pesticides Used in Sugarcane and Pineapple Operations

APPENDIX 9-C
Summary of Pesticides Used in Sugarcane and Pineapple Operations
and Selection for Further Consideration


Chemical Synonyms Laboratory
Analytical
Grouping1
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Non-Field areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Non-Field areas)2
Notes
Benomyl Benlate 8321
(Carbamates)
No Yes No Yes Fungicide used in seed dipping operations.
Diuron Karmex 8321
(Carbamates)
No Yes No Yes  
Methyl Sulfanilcarbamate Asulam 8321
(Carbamates)
No No No No Limited use and not significantly toxic.
Oxamyl Vydate 8321
(Carbamates)
No No No No  
Propiconazole Tilt 8321
(Carbamates)
No Yes No Yes Fungicide used in seed dipping operations.
Dalapon   8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No Yes No Yes  
Dicamba   8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No Yes No No  
Dichlorophenoxyacetic
Acid (2,4 D)
2,4-D 8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No No No No  
Dichloropropane, 1,2-   8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No No No Yes  
Dichloropropene, 1,3- Telone 8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No No No No  
Picloram Tordon 8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No No No No Limited use and not significantly toxic.
 
Table 9-C (continued)
 
Chemical Synonyms Laboratory
Analytical
Grouping1
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Non-Field areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Non-Field areas)2
Notes
Trichlorophenoxyacetic
Acid, 2,4,5- (2,4,5 T)
2,4,5-T 8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No Yes No No  
Trichloro- Phenoxypropionic
Acid, 2,4,5- (2,4,5 Tp)
2,4,5-TP, Silvex 8151 or 8321
(Chlorinated Herbicides)
No No No No  
Arsenic   6010B or 6020
(Heavy Metals)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Include arsenic for pineapple operations.
Lead   6010B or 6020
(Heavy Metals)
No Yes No Yes Lead-based pesticides not used in sugarcane field areas.
Mercury Phenyl-mercuric acetate 7471
(Mercury)
No Yes No No  
Methyl Mercury   7471
(Mercury)
No Yes No No Investigate only if total Hg contamination identified.
Captafol Difolatan 8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No No No No  
Chlordane (Technical) Technical Chlordane 8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No No No Yes  
Endosulfan   8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No No Yes Yes  
 
Table 9-C (continued)
 
Chemical Synonyms Laboratory
Analytical
Grouping1
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Non-Field areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Non-Field areas)2
Notes
Heptachlor   8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Only used in fields with drip irrigation between 1979 & 1985. Cancelled in 1988.
Heptachlor Epoxide   8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No No Yes Yes  
Hexachlorocyclohexane, Gamma Lindane, BHC 8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No No Yes Yes  
Trifluralin Treflan 8081 or 8270
(Organochlorine Pesticides)
No Yes No No  
Chlorpyrifos Dursban 8141 or 8270
(Organophosphorus Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small amounts.
Diazinon   8141 or 8270
(Organophosphorus Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small amounts.
Malathion   8141 or 8270
(Organophosphorus Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small amounts.
Parathion   8141 or 8270
(Organophosphorus Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small amounts.
 
Table 9-C (continued)
 
Chemical Synonyms Laboratory
Analytical
Grouping1
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Non-Field areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Non-Field areas)2
Notes
Ethephon Ethrel 8270 (SVOCs) No No No No  
Captan Ethyl Mercapton 8270 (SVOCs) No No No No  
Dichlorophenol, 2,4-   8270 (SVOCs) No No No No  
Tetrachlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-   8270 (SVOCs) No Yes No Yes  
Pentachlorophenol   8270 or 8151
(SVOCs or Chlorinated Herbicides)
No Yes No Yes Banned for use in agricultural fields in 1970
Ametryn Evik 8141 or 8270
(Triazine Pesticides)
No Yes No Yes  
Atrazine Astrex 8141 or 8270
(Triazine Pesticides)
No Yes No Yes  
Hexazinone Velpar 8141 or 8270
(Triazine Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small quantities
Metribuzin   8141 or 8270
(Triazine Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use in small quantities
Simazine   8141 or 8270
(Triazine Pesticides)
No Yes No Yes  
Bromodichloromethane   8260 (VOCs) No No No No  
Bromomethane Methyl Bromide 8260 (VOCs) No No No No  
Dibromo-3-Chloropropane, 1,2- DBCP 8260 (VOCs) No No No Yes  
Dibromochloromethane   8260 (VOCs) No No No Yes  
Dibromoethane, 1,2- EDB 8260 (VOCs) No No No Yes  
Trichloropropene, 1,2,3- TCP 8260 (VOCs) No No No Yes  
 
Table 9-C (continued)
 
Chemical Synonyms Laboratory
Analytical
Grouping1
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Sugar Cane?
(Non-Field areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Field Areas)2
Retained as COPC for Pineapple?
(Non-Field areas)2
Notes
Dioxins/Furans   8280/8290
(Dioxins/furans)
No Yes No Yes  
Glyphosate Roundup, Rodeo, Polado 547 No No No No  
Terbacil Sinbar 633
(Organonitrogen Pesticides)
No No No No Limited use and toxicity.
Notes:
1 Laboratory analytical method used to categorize pesticides may not match actual pesticide chemical category.
2 Retained as chemical of potential concern (COPC) if: any of the following:
● Known past use.
● Commercial lab method available.
● Toxicity factors & physiochemical constants available.
● Non-field areas are moderately or highly persistent or field areas are highly persistent (see text for details).