Department of Health Seal

TGM for the Implementation of the Hawai'i State Contingency Plan
Section 7
REFERENCES

SECTION 7 REFERENCES

Citation references for this TGM Section denoted with an “a”, “b”, “c”, etc… after the year of publication may not appear in sequence as these refer to the order placed in the Master References List for the entire TGM.


Abreu et al., 2009.  Abreu, L.D.V, R. Ettinger, and T. McAlary, 29(1): 105-117.  Simulated Soil Vapor Intrusion Attenuation Factors Including Biodegradation for Petroleum Hydrocarbons: Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation.  2009.

Air Toxics, 2012.  Air Toxics, Ltd.  Guide to Air Sampling and Analysis, Canisters and Tedlar Bags.  Website URL: https://www.eurofinsus.com/environment-testing/laboratories/eurofins-air-toxics/.  2012.

Air Toxics, 2012b.  Air Toxics, Ltd.  Sorbent and Solution Sampling Guide.  Website URL: https://www.eurofinsus.com/environment-testing/laboratories/eurofins-air-toxics/.  2012.

API, 2005.  American Petroleum Institute.  Collecting and Interpreting Soil Gas Samples from the Vadose Zone, A Practical Strategy for Assessing the Subsurface Vapor to Indoor Air Migration Pathway at Petroleum Hydrocarbon Sites. Publication Number 4741. Washington D.C.: Regulatory Analysis and Scientific Affairs.  Website URL: https://www.api.org/ehs/groundwater/lnapl/soilgas.cfm.  November 2005.

ASTM, 2006f.  American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.  ASTM D5314 - 92e1(2006) Standard Guide for Soil Gas Monitoring in the Vadose Zone.  2006.

ASTM, 2010b.  American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.  ASTM D1945 - 03(2010) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography.  2010.

ASTM, 2011.  American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.  ASTM D1946 - 90(2011) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography.  2011.

Brewer et al., 2013.  Brewer, R., Nagashima, J., Kelley, M. and M. Rigby.  Risk-Based Evaluation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Vapor Intrusion Studies: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 10, pp 2441-2467.  Website URL: http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/6/2441.  Local Copy (316kb).  2013.

Brewer et al., 2014.  Brewer, R., Nagashima, J., Rigby, M., Schmidt, M. and H. O'Neill.  Estimation of Generic Subslab Attenuation Factors for Vapor Intrusion Investigations: Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 34: 79–92. doi: 10.1111/gwmr.12086.  Website URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gwmr.12086/full.  2014.

Brewer et al., 2017a. 

Brewer et al., 2017b. 

CalEPA, 2011.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control.  Guidance for the Evaluation and Mitigation of Subsurface Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air.  August 2011.

CalEPA, 2011b.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control.  Vapor Intrusion Mitigation Advisory.  October 2011.

CalEPA, 2012.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control (in conjunction with the California Regional Water Quality Control Board – Los Angeles Region).  Advisory – Active Soil Gas Investigations.  Website URL: https://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/upload/VI_ActiveSoilGasAdvisory_FINAL_043012.pdf.  Local Copy (600kb).  April 2012.

CalEPA, 2015.  California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control.  Advisory – Active Soil Gas Investigation.  July 2015.

Cox-Colvin, 2013.  Cox-Colvin and Associates, Inc.  Standard Operating Procedure, Installation and Extraction of the Vapor Pin™.  December 3, 2013.

Cox-Colvin, 2013b.  Cox-Colvin and Associates.  Standard Operating Procedure, Leak Testing Vapor Pin™ using Mechanical Means.  December 3, 2013

DoD, 2008.  Department of Defense, (prepared by Noblis Consultants for the Air Force Institute for Operational Health, Health Risk Assessment Branch.  Tri-Services Handbook for the Assessment of the Vapor Intrusion Pathway.  2008.

Eklund, B., 1992.  Practical Guidance for Flux Chamber Measurements of Fugitive Volatile Organic Emission Rates. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. 42(12):1583-1592.  Local Copy (20kb). 

Hartman, B., 1998.  New England Interstate Water Pollution Prevention, LUSTLine, Bulletin No. 30.  The Great Escape (from the UST).  September 1998.

Hartman, B., 2002.  How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Risk-Based Applications, Part 1: Active Soil-Gas Method. LUSTLine Bulletin 42. October.  Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine42-Active_Soil_Gas_Part_1.pdf.  Local Copy (370kb). 

Hartman, B., 2003.  How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Upward Risk Assessments, Part 2: Surface Flux Chamber Method. LUSTLine Bulletin 44.  Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine-44-Flux_Chambers_Part_2.pdf.  Local Copy (228kb).  August 2003.

Hartman, B., 2004.  How to Collect Reliable Soil-Gas Data for Risk-Based Applications - Specifically Vapor Intrusion, Part 3: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions. LUSTLine Bulletin 48.  Website URL: http://www.handpmg.com/documents/LustLine-48-FAQ_Part_3.pdf.  Local Copy (327kb).  November 2004.

HDOH, 2007c.  Hawai‘i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Long-Term Management of Petroleum-Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  Website URL: http://www.hawaiidoh.com/tgm-content/1909a.aspx.  Local Copy (161kb).  June 2007

HDOH, 2011b.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Technical Guidance Manual Notes: Decision Unit and Multi-Increment Sample Investigations.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov.  Local Copy (4.2mb).  2011.

HDOH, 2012.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Field Investigation of the Chemistry and Toxicity of TPH in Petroleum Vapors: Implications for Potential Vapor Intrusion Hazards.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/documents/4c0ca6c1-0715-4e0d-811b-33debe220e31.  Local Copy (11.3mb).  2012.

HDOH, 2012c.  Hawai‘i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Additional Notes on HDOH report Field Investigation of the Chemistry and Toxicity of TPH in Petroleum Vapors.  Website URL: http://www.hawaiidoh.org/tgm-guidance/TPH%20Soil%20Gas%20Report%20(HDOH%20August%202012).pdf.  Local Copy (13.8mb).  August 2012.

HDOH, 2016.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/EALs.  Summer 2016 (and updates).

HDOH, 2016b.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater – Tropical Pacific Edition .  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/ehe-guidance---pacific-basin-edition.  Summer 2016 (and updates).

HDOH, 2017a.   Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Screening for Environmental Concerns at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/EALs.  Fall 2017 and updates.

HDOH, 2017b.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Evaluation of Environmental Hazards at Sites with Contaminated Soil and Groundwater – Tropical Pacific Edition, for use in US Territories and related areas in the tropical Pacific region.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/ehe-guidance---pacific-basin-edition.  Fall 2017 and updates.

HDOH, 2017c.  Hawai’i Department of Health, Office of Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response.  Field Study of High-Density Passive Sampler and Large Volume Purge Methods to Characterize Subslab Vapor Plumes.  Website URL: http://eha-web.doh.hawaii.gov/eha-cma/Leaders/HEER/technical-guidance-and-fact-sheets.  July 2017.

ITRC, 2007.  Interstate Technology Regulatory Council.  Vapor Intrusion Pathway: A Practical Guideline. Prepared by the ITRC Vapor Intrusion Team.  Website URL: https://www.itrcweb.org/Documents/VI-1.pdf.  Local Copy (3.2mb).  January 2007.

Jia, C.R. and S. Batterman, 2010.  A Critical Review of Naphthalene Sources and Exposures Relevant to Indoor and Outdoor Air: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 7, pp 2903-2939.  2010.

Kienbusch, M. 1986.  Measurement of Gaseous Emissions Rates from Land Surfaces using an Emission Isolation Flux Chamber, User's Guide, EPA Users Guide, (EPA 600/8-86/008). .  1986.

MADEP, 2002b.  Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.  Indoor Air Sampling and Evaluation Guide. WSC Policy No. 02-430. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Boston, MA.  Website URL: https://www.mass.gov/orgs/executive-office-of-energy-and-environmental-affairs.  Local Copy (821kb).  April 2002.

MADEP, 2008.  Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.  Residential Typical Indoor Air Concentrations - Technical Update.  December 2008.

MADEP, 2010.  Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Research and Standards.  Vapor Intrusion Guidance.  2010 Draft update.

McAlary et al., 2010.  McAlary, T.A., Nicholson, P.J., Yik, L.K., Bertrand, D.M. and G. Thrupp.  High Purge Volume Sampling - A New Paradigm for Subslab Soil Gas Monitoring: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation. 30 (2): 73–85.  2010

McHugh et al., 2010.  McHugh, T., Davis, R., Devaull, G., Hopkins, H., Menatti, J. and T. Peargin.  Evaluation of Vapor Attenuation at Petroleum Hydrocarbon Sites: Considerations for Site Screening and Investigation', Soil and Sediment Contamination, Vol19- 6, pp725- 745.  2010.

MDNR, 2005.  Missouri Department of Natural Resources.  Missouri Risk-Based Corrective Action (MRBCA) for Petroleum Storage Tanks, Soil Gas Sampling Protocol.  Local Copy (590kb).  April 2005.

New York State Department of Health, 2006.  Guidance for Evaluating Soil Vapor Intrusion in the State of New York, Final. Center for Environmental Health, Bureau of Environmental Exposure Investigation.  Website URL: https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/investigations/soil_gas/svi_guidance/docs/svi_main.pdf.  Local Copy (1.4mb).  October 2006.

Ouellette, G., 2004.  Soil Vapor Sampling and Analysis – Lessons Learned: Presented at DOE/PERF workshop, Brea, CA.  January 2004.

Paul, C., 2009.  USEPA, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, Ada, OK. RSKSOP-306.  Standard Operating Procedure, Preparation and Implementation of New Passive Diffusion Samplers for Groundwater and/or Soil Gas.  January 2009.

Roberson et al., 1998.  Roberson, J. A., Brown, R.E, Koomey, J.G. and S.E. Greenberg.  Recommended Ventilation Strategies for Energy Efficient Production Homes: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Energy Analysis Department.  Local Copy (405.kb).  1998.

SDC, 2011.  San Diego County, Department of Environmental Health, Land and Water Quality Division.  Site Assessment and Mitigation Manual, Section 5,Site Investigation Techniques.  Website URL: https://www.sandiegocounty.gov/deh/water/docs/sam_section_5.pdf.  , August 2011

USDOD, 2015.  US Department of Defense, Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, ESTCP Project ER-200830.  Development of More Cost-Effective Methods for Long-Term Monitoring of Soil Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air Using Quantitative Passive Diffusive-Adsorptive Sampling.  August 2015.

USEPA, 1991d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, ISBN No. 0-16-035919-8.  Building Air Quality, A Guide for Building owners and Facility Managers.  Local Copy (2.7mb).  December 1991.

USEPA, 1995f.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, EPA Document # 402-K-93-007.  The Inside Story: A Guide to Indoor Air Quality.  April 1995.

USEPA, 1996c.  Soil Gas Sampling, Standard Operating Procedure No. 2042. Washington, D.C.  Local Copy (108kb).  June 1996.

USEPA, 1996j.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center,  Method 3C, Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and Oxygen from Stationary Sources.  1996.

USEPA, 1998.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development.  Innovative Technology Verification Report - Site Characterization Analysis Penetrometer Systems (SCAPS) Technology Report. EPA 600-R-95/520. Washington D.C..  Local Copy (81kb).  March 1998.

USEPA, 1998b.  United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste.  Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, SW-846 Manual. Revision 5. Washington, D.C.  Local Copy (20kb).  April 1998.

USEPA, 1998d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Superfund Innovation Technology Evaluation Program, EPA/600/R-98/095.  Environmental Technology Verification Report: Passive Soil Gas Sampling, W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc., GORE-SORBER® Screening Survey.  August, 1998.

USEPA, 1998f.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation.  Building Indoor Air Quality Action Plan, EPA 402-K-98-001.  1998.

USEPA, 1999b.  Compendium of Methods. Second Edition. Technology Transfer Network, Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center. Washington, D.C.  Local Copy (20kb).  January 1999.

USEPA, 2000d.  Office of Environmental Information.  Guidance for Data Quality Assessment: Practical Methods for Data Analysis, EPA QA/G-9, QA00 Update. EPA/600/R-96/084.  Website URL: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=30003GXE.txt.  Local Copy (1.7mb).  July 2000.

USEPA, 2004e.  User's Guide for the Johnson and Ettinger (1991) Model for Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings. EPA 68-W-02-33, WA No. 004, PN 030224. Washington, DC.  Local Copy (1.3mb).  February 22.

USEPA, 2007e.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600/R-07/141.  Investigation of the Influence of Temporal Variation on Active Soil Gas/Vapor Sampling.  December 2007.

USEPA, 2008c.  United States Environmental Protection Agency  Engineering Issue, Indoor Air Vapor Intrusion Mitigation Approaches. Office of Research and Development. National Risk Management Research Laboratory. EPA/600/R-08-115.  Website URL: https://clu-in.org/download/char/600r08115.pdf.  Local Copy (523kb).  October 2008.

USEPA, 2008d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation.  Indoor Air Quality Building Education and Assessment Model.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/indoor-air-quality-building-education-and-assessment-model.  October 2008.

USEPA, 2009.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA/600/R-09/073.  Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab.  August 2009.

USEPA, 2010c.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory.  Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab, Soil Vapor Probe Equilibration Study.  March 2010.

USEPA, 2010d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory.  Vertical Distribution of VOCs in Soils from Groundwater to the Surface/Subslab, Stratification of VOCs in Groundwater & Soil Vapor Probe Equilibration Study.  August 2010.

USEPA, 2011b.  United States Environmental Protection Agency  Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents Overview. Technology Innovation and Field Services Division.  Website URL: https://clu-in.org/techfocus/default.focus/sec/Bioremediation/cat/Overview/. 

USEPA, 2011d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-090/052F.  Exposure Factors Handbook.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/expobox/exposure-factors-handbook-2011-edition.  September 2011.

USEPA, 2011e.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA 530-R-10-001.  Background Indoor Air Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds in North American Residences (1990–2005): A Compilation of Statistics for Assessing Vapor Intrusion.  June 2011

USEPA, 2012.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA 530-R-10-002.  EPA’s Vapor Intrusion Database: Evaluation and Characterization of Attenuation Factors for Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds and Residential Buildings.  March 2012.

USEPA, 2012b.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratories.  Screening Levels for Chemical Contaminants.  Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/risk/regional-screening-levels-rsls-generic-tables.  2012.

USEPA, 2012d.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, D.C. EPA 530-R-10-003.  Conceptual Model Scenarios for the Vapor Intrusion Pathway.  February 2012.

USEPA, 2013.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Underground Storage Tanks, EPA 510-R-13-001.  Evaluation of Empirical Data to Support Soil Vapor Intrusion Screening Criteria for Petroleum Hydrocarbon Compounds.  January 2013

USEPA, 2014e.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development.  Passive Samplers for Investigations of Air Quality: Method Description, Implementation, and Comparison to Alternative Sampling Methods, EPA/600/R-14/434.  December 2014.