1.1 Heer Office Legal Authorities
...environmental protection laws such as the Clean Water Act, CERCLA, the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Toxic Substances Control Act. However, hazardous substances ...
 

2.4 Environmental Cleanups
...remediation of the contamination may be most cost-beneficial (e.g., excavation and disposal of contaminated soil). In other cases, it may be appropriate to aggressively remediate contamination ...
 

3.1 Site Investigation Scoping
...uses of the property, including locations of hazardous substance storage and disposal areas and point out other potentially important site features. It ...
 

3.2 Systematic Planning Of Site Investigation
...including underground and aboveground tanks, piping networks, storage areas, disposal areas, etc. Complete an initial, screening level evaluation of potential ...
 
...must be sent to a permitted, hazardous waste landfill. Soil designated for disposal is considered to be a hazardous waste if TCLP data exceed regulatory limits found in ...
 
... to be a "waste" unless it has been excavated and a decision made for offsite disposal.) A hazardous waste determination could require a separate sampling ...
 
...could require a separate sampling and analysis plan in order to address landfill disposal requirements (see Section 5.10). Contact the landfill for specific requirements. Consider ...
 
... of additional sample collection and analysis in the original SAP in order address disposal needs prior to the initiation of site activities. Step 4—Define the Decision ...
 

3.4 Selection Of Decision Units
... Example Spill Area DUs might include former waste storage or disposal areas, the area (and volume) of contaminated soil under and around a leaking underground ...
 
...DUs. This includes structural remnants of potential hazardous substance storage or disposal areas, suspect pits and trenches, stained areas and low points where runoff could have ...
 
...stained soils, unpaved areas used to store or mix hazardous chemicals, known waste disposal areas, areas immediately adjacent to transformer pads or other types of equipment that ...
 
...including segregation of contaminated soil that may require expensive treatment or disposal from otherwise clean areas of soil. Refer to the examples provided later in this Section. ...
 
... potential reuse is likely to be cost-prohibitive, however. Disposal of the soil with suspected pockets of highly leachable contaminants or gross contamination ...
 
...(Appendix 3-A). Note that a hazardous waste determination is required for disposal of soil at a landfill (see Section 5.10). This could require additional sampling ...
 
...any additional testing methods and requirements in the original SAP in order address disposal needs prior to the initiation of site activities. 3.4.7 SEDIMENT ...
 

3.5 Example Decision Units
...plans. Stockpiled soil following home demolition should be tested prior to reuse or disposal if past treatment with termiticides is possible. ...
 
...example, be used to estimate the volume and mass of soil that require excavation and disposal or the total mass of a contaminant present in soil for design of in situ treatment. Both ...
 
...contaminants of concern and related environmental hazards as well as planned reuse or disposal of the dredge material. Offshore disposal of dredge material is overseen by the ...
 
... of the dredge material. Offshore disposal of dredge material is overseen by the US Army Corps of Engineers in coordination with local ...
 

4.2 Use Of Multi Increment Samples To Characterize DUs
...handling and storage limitations. Laboratories might charge extra for processing and disposal of excess soil. Sample mass can be reduced in the field using incremental subsampling ...
 
... subsurface soil has not been contaminated by past activities. Excavation and offsite disposal or reuse of soil is planned and there is reason to suspect that deeper soils could ...
 

4.4 Common DU-MIS Investigation Mistakes And Problems
...UNDER TSCA The investigation, cleanup, verification and disposal of soil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is regulated under 40 CFR ...
 
...methods prescribed in 40 CFR 761.61(a) self-implementing on-site cleanup and disposal of PCB remediation waste and associated guidance documents (e.g., USEPA 1985, ...
 
... Use of alternative procedures is provided for in 40 CFR 761.61(c)(1) risk-based disposal approval, subject to the approval of the USEPA Regional Administrator: ...
 

5.8 Field Documentation
... Glass, wire, porcelain fragments or other debris indicative of disposal or fill; Other descriptive terms Descriptive terms denoting ...
 

6.2 Monitoring Well Installation and Abandonment
...large volumes of potentially contaminated soil and groundwater requiring management and disposal during well installation, development and purging activities. Larger diameter wells ...
 
...of Transportation. The containers must be properly labeled and stored on site pending disposal. The label should include at a minimum: project name, project location, date, container contents, ...
 
...generated during well abandonment, label any containers used and store on site until disposal. Record the waste management method used as well as numbers and contents of any containers ...
 
...as numbers and contents of any containers in the field log. Track the waste until final disposal. Complete proper disposal manifests. Any manifests should be documented in the project report ...
 
...Complete proper disposal manifests. Any manifests should be documented in the project report files provided to the HEER ...
 
...abandonment log A site map showing the location of the abandoned monitoring well Disposal documentation for wastes generated during the abandonment process ...
 

6.10 Investigation Derived Waste
...a secure location on the project site, pending receipt of analytical results and eventual disposal. During field activities, record the number of IDW containers and their contents in the ...
 
...their contents in the field log. Track the IDW containers until acceptance at the final disposal facility. Maintain proper disposal manifests in the project records. Section 5.8 ...
 
...facility. Maintain proper disposal manifests in the project records. Section 5.8 provides additional information and procedures ...
 

9.1 Pesticide Contamination at Former Agricultural Facilities and Sites
... Pesticide container disposal areas Carbamates, chlorinated herbicides, dioxins/furans, ...
 
... Pesticide container disposal areas Carbamates, chlorinated herbicides, dioxins/furans, ...
 
...could, however, be a contaminant of concern in former pesticide mixing, storage or disposal areas. Soil vapor data collection is strongly recommended when investigating for these areas. ...
 

11.1 Sample Containers
... a Multi-Increment bulk sample is to place each increment into a dedicated, disposal plastic bag (such as a 2 gallon zip top or a heavy duty trash compactor bag) as each increment ...
 

11.3 Sample Control and Chain-of-Custody Procedures
...are necessary to document handling of samples from procurement through final analysis and disposal. A sample is considered to be under a person's custody if: The sample ...
 

13.0 Environmental Hazard Evaluation
...EALs is minimal or time is of the essence, the most cost-effective response may simply be disposal or treatment of the contaminated media. The Tier 1 EALs are not strict, regulatory cleanup ...
 

13.5 Human Health Risk Assessments
...is to simply remove all contamination that exceeds Tier 1 EALs (e.g., excavation and disposal of a small area of lead-contaminated soil). In cases where cleanup costs could be substantial ...
 
...in a given area of the site including capping, vapor mitigation systems, offsite disposal, etc. (see text). ...
 

14.0 Removal Actions
... Monitoring, assessing, and evaluating a release or threat of a release Excavation and disposal of contaminated material Limiting access to the site with physical barriers such as fencing, ...
 
...or volume reduction Immobilization of hazardous substances On-site or off-site disposal, isolation, or containment Institutional controls or long term monitoring ...
 

14.2 Removal Actions for Non-Emergency Environmental Cleanups
...of alternatives. For example, if one of the removal alternatives is excavation and disposal, and representative toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) testing of the contaminated ...
 
...testing of the contaminated soil has not been completed to determine whether the proposed disposal facility would accept the soil, this is an important data gap to fill to increase the reliability ...
 
...simplest and most common form of removal action is excavation of contaminated soil and disposal in an approved landfill. The technological and cost feasibility of this option is ...
 
...are available for several typical release scenarios (e.g., typical contaminants or disposal practices, or based on affects on environmental media). The United States Environmental Protection ...
 

15.6 Site Cleanup Process
...of the contamination may be most cost effective. In these cases, the excavation and disposal of contaminated soil may be a practical and cost effective solution. In other cases, it may ...
 

16.1 Conducting a Remedial Investigation
...are available for several typical release scenarios (e.g., typical contaminants or disposal practices, or based on effects on environmental media). United States Environmental Protection ...
 

16.2 Setting Remedial Action Objectives and Conducting a Remedial Alternatives Analysis
...or volume reduction Immobilization of hazardous substances On-site or off-site disposal, isolation, or containment Institutional controls or long-term monitoring ...
 
...from subsurface soils Groundwater extraction, filtration by activated carbon, and disposal of the carbon in an approved landfill Soil particle size separation ...
 
... Vitrification of contaminated soil On-site or off-site disposal, isolation, or containment. Contaminated material may be placed in an engineered facility ...
 
...applicable requirements. Examples include: Off-site disposal at permitted landfills On-site isolation of contaminated soil by covering the soil ...
 

18.5 Document Outlines
... 9.5 Soil Disposal   ...
 
... 9.7 Groundwater Disposal 10.0 ...
 

18.6 Supporting Forms and Other Documents
...well, a site map showing the location of the abandoned monitoring well, and the disposal documentation for wastes generated during the abandonment process. Submit all documentation ...
 

19.6 Environmental Hazard Management Plan
...hazards to eliminate exposure pathways Guidance on proper handling, reuse and disposal of contaminated soil and/or groundwater that is encountered during future site activities ...
 

9.6 Methamphetamine Laboratory Cleanup
...considerations during inspection and testing of former operations, hazardous materials disposal, decontamination procedures, reporting, and criteria that must be met before a No ...
 

Appendix 9-D Guidance Fact Sheet for Use When Petroleum Contamination is Encountered
...be contaminated with dissolved analytes. Re-infiltration, reinjection, treatment, disposal, or discharge are all acceptable options for the disposition of groundwater generated ...
 

5.10 Investigation Derived Waste
...in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. If IDW is designated for disposal to a landfill or any other off-site location then the generator must make a Hazardous Waste ...
 
...waste" must be disposed of at a permitted, hazardous waste treatment, storage or disposal facility. There are currently no hazardous waste landfills in Hawai‘i. Therefore, IDW ...
 
... Knowledge (e.g., known flammable solvent; see also Construction and Demolition Waste Disposal General Guidance (HDOH, 2015 and updates). Waste that meet criteria for classification ...
 
...regulations most commonly apply to excess soil that fails a leaching test criteria for disposal in a municipal landfill, referred to as the Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure (TCLP). ...
 
... Put back into the boring (subsurface cores); Place in an on-site disposal unit (any disposal unit exceeding one cubic yard should be discussed with the HDOH SHWB ...
 
...unit (any disposal unit exceeding one cubic yard should be discussed with the HDOH SHWB to evaluate if a permit ...
 
...if a permit is required); Transport to a HDOH-permitted off-site treatment/disposal facility. Long-term management under an EHMP is required for soil that fails Tier ...
 
...or evaporation; Transport to a HDOH-permitted off-site treatment/disposal facility. Used disposable tools, PPE, waste rags, towels, packing material, ground ...
 
...of waste solvent with detergent/wash water mixes avoided. Management and disposal of waste groundwater generated during developing and purging activities is discussed in Section ...
 

5.9 Field Work Completion
...structures (e.g. temporary field trailers); Proper management or disposal of IDW; Repair of structural changes made to the site as a result ...
 

8.0 Field Screening Methods
...collection of field data, in addition to visual clues such as soil staining, obvious disposal areas, etc. Fixed laboratory data are generally collected for final decision making purposes. ...
 

8.3 Field Screening Methods and Documentation
...reagents and standards as well as information on safety, pollution prevention, and waste disposal. In addition, the methods typically provide a procedure that outlines required quality control, ...
 

8.4 Field Screening Methods for Selected Contaminants and Media
...(μg/g, equivalent to mg/kg) PCBs. The test can be useful when screening soil for disposal based on the TSCA-based limit of 50 mg/kg PCBs for municipal landfills. Caution should ...
 
...The test can be useful when screening transformer oil for TSCA-based limits for disposal options. Data Use: Screening. Target Analytes: PCBs in ...
 

8.5 Field Screening With Cone Penetrometer and Sensors/Probes
...saving the logistical requirement of handling drums of cuttings and eliminating disposal costs. The sample holes can be grouted as the push rod is pulled from the hole. ...